Coffee Plant ‘Arabica’
Coffee plant is the source of the world's most popular breakfast beverage. Not many know, however, that it makes a beautiful and easy-to-grow house plant.
Coffea arabica is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated, being grown in southwest Arabia for well over 1,000 years. It is an evergreen shrub that has glossy, dark-green leaves with ruffled edges on willowy stems.
After a few growing seasons, Coffea arabica produces star-shaped, sweetly scented white flowers.
These flowers are followed by green fruits which change to red then to almost black as they ripen, a process that takes several months. Inside each ripened fruit are 2 seeds (or beans) that when properly roasted can be ground and made into coffee but consider this plant a novelty, you will still have to buy coffee beans.
Prune your plant back in spring to keep it bushy and full. Pruning also gives it an attractive shape. Use clean pruning shears to cut the stem at a 45° angle, 1/4-inch above a leaf axil. Prune off top growth to keep your coffee bean plant small unless you want a bigger plant. It will grow to approx 5-6 ft tall in a large pot.
Repot in spring as needed, moving to a pot 1-2 inches (2.5-5 cm) larger. Use a pot with a drainage hole to avoid soggy soil, keep soil thoroughly moist in spring and summer, barely moist in fall and winter.
Keep in bright light, shaded from direct sun.