Succulent & Air Plants General Care
General Succulent Care:
Succulents survive dry indoor environments thanks to special adaptations – fleshy leaves, thick stems or enlarged roots – that allow the plants to hoard water. Most people are familiar with cacti, which are a type of succulent. But succulents also include a host of other plants such as the ones we grow, loved primarily for their eye-catching foliage and easy care.
Succulents make great indoor plants because they’re adapted to survive dry conditions. In winter especially, homes offer dry interior air to houseplants, which is why many don’t survive. Low relative humidity isn’t a houseplant’s friend. Succulents, though, with their water-storing ways, endure dry air without ugly side effects.
Most succulents, in an indoor setting, will crave the brightest light possible, especially during winter in northern climates. Place them near a south- or east-facing window.
This same setting works during the warmer parts of the year. Alternately, you can shift succulents outside during spring and summer. Choose a protected location where plants receive bright, indirect light.
In their native settings, succulents typically grow in sandy, well-drained soil. Succulent & Cacti Soil mixes such as ours provide the right blend of organic matter and crucial drainage. Succulents can’t stand overly moist soil. Make sure containers have drainage holes to allow excess water to exit
The fastest way to kill a succulent is with too much TLC – and too much water. Unlike typical houseplants, succulents stash water in their leaves or roots, which act like a reservoir to slake the plant’s thirst. To avoid overwatering, water only enough to keep leaves from withering. DO NOT spray the leaves with water.
Clues that a plant needs watering include shrinking or puckering leaves or normally shiny leaves that appear dull. If you suspect it’s time to water, stick a finger into the soil two knuckles deep to make sure it’s dry.
When you water, apply enough so it runs out drainage holes. Empty the drainage saucer so plants don’t sit in water overnight. About 95 percent of houseplants need soil to dry out almost completely before watering.
Succulents experience strongest growth during spring and summer. Growth slows in fall, and winter is a time of rest. Fertilize lightly or not at all during winter. In warmer months, feed plants three or four times. Use a fertilizer formulated for succulents and cacti because it is a weaker solution than what you would feed houseplants, annuals, etc. It is easy to over fertilize these plants and stunt them. Remember that they have evolved over hundreds of years in dry, infertile soil without many nutrients. This means they DON'T want a nutrient rich environment . In most cases, they should be fed lightly or about 1/4th strength what you would feed a regular houseplant if you are using products such as Miracle Gro formulated for flowers, houseplants, etc..